Overview

UN-Habitat works in close collaboration with the Ministry of Social Development and Human Security on the implementation of the New Urban Agenda for achieving sustainable urbanization in Thailand. In this sense, there is also strong cooperation with the Regional Economic and Social Commission for Asia-Pacific (ESCAP) on localizing the SDGs in several countries of the region, including the pilot project in Nadee, Thailand.

Overview
Population (2018)
69.2 million

Demonstrating sustained economic growth and impressive poverty reduction over the last four decades, Thailand is aligning its urban development plans with the New Urban Agenda, focused on creating livable cities and ensuring equal opportunities and equal access to government services for all. The 12th National Economic and Social Development Plan (2017-2021) is the first plan to have a specific strategy for urban development, setting priorities on integrated urban policy and planning, efficient land management, and decentralization.

With the Bangkok urban area accounting for nearly 80% of the total urban area in Thailand, urbanization is dominated by Bangkok, which is the fifth largest in East Asia in terms of area and the ninth largest in terms of the population approaching 10 million in 2010. Over 5.87 million households do not have home ownership and 2.72 million households continue to live in inferior housing conditions or informal settlements, leading to a 20-Year National Housing Development Master Plan being developed by the government to help overcome these prevailing challenges. Meanwhile, more than 60 percent of the land is owned by 10 percent of the population, leading Thailand to speed up the process of enacting laws to tackle the problems of land tenure, stimulate efficient land-use, and reduce disparity in land ownership. Finally, seasonal monsoon weather resulting in heavy rainfall experienced across Thailand and extensive waterways connecting with the Mekong River, have also made the country particularly susceptible to severe flooding.

Impact
Initiative piloted in Nadee Sub-district with a population of 26,000 towards integrated solid waste management and protection of coastal areas.
200 government officers from 77 provinces in Thailand supported in building improved understanding on ‘Localizing SDGs implementing the New Urban Agenda’
Interventions on integrated data, flood resilience and transport-oriented development for 3 districts of Bangkok with over 300,000 people.
Urban numbers
Over 5.87 million households in Thailand do not have home ownership and 2.72 million households in Thailand continue to live in inferior housing conditions or informal settlements.
With the Bangkok urban area accounting for nearly 80% of the total urban area in Thailand, urbanization is dominated by Bangkok
The urban population annual growth rate is

Leaving no one and no place behind

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Hover over or touch the icons to learn about UN-Habitat's work on social inclusion here.

UN-Habitat has worked with specific networks on aspects such as the right to land, housing, and essential urban services in Bangkok, as well as in the region such as the Asia-Pacific UN Human Rights Network.

The last roadshow on “Localizing the SDGs implementing the New Urban Agenda” held in February in Chiang Mai was supported by UN-Women to put gender equality at the forefront of urban policy.

All projects being developed in Thailand consider the children, youth and the elderly in their implementation.

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Contact

Ms. Ana B. MORENO
Chief of Office and Representative to Thailand; designated focal point for UN-Habitat ROAP to Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam
UN-Habitat Bangkok Office
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